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Abstract

Using a Marxist-Feminist analysis, this paper aims to explain the reasons for the inequality in the institution of marriage. The main theory is that of writer Iris Young, who proposes the union of Marxism and Feminism to one theory. Young explains that you can separate society by the ‘division of labor’, which can be interpreted in the case of Don Quixote as the different motivations that lead to marriage. This division creates superior and inferior characters by gender and economic status. This inequality is further developed by the theory of Marxism by Freidrch Engles and Karl Marx, which explains the idea of the base and the superstructure, to understand how social classes are formed. These divisions create an inequality, where superior characters take control of the dominant ideology and the institution of marriage, and impose their values on the inferior characters. This interpretation can be applied to two episodes of Don Quixote; that of Marcela and Grisótomo, and Cardenio, Luscinda, Dorotea and don Fernando. The Marxist-Feminist analysis of these two episodes demonstrate how the superior characters take control of the institution of marriage and create a false consciousness in the inferior characters, who suppress their real desires of love, to avoid questioning the social system.

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