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Abstract

In his novel D on Quixote de la Mancha, Cervantes introduces to us Alonso Quijano, a

poor gentleman of La Mancha that from reading novels of chivalry he becomes mad and believes to be a knight, and names himself Don Quixote and decides to make a local farmer named Sancho Panza his squire. Don Quixote (d.Q.) is the prototype of a good and noble man who wants to impose his ideal over social norms. This creates an unbalanced power relationship with the other characters by imposing his ideals; he simultaneously implies that there is a hierarchy of power between himself as a gentleman and others, especially with his squire Sancho Panza. This unjust system can be studied through Marxism. Among the theories developed by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, including base­superstructure and false consciousness, D on Quixote de la Mancha allows for an analysis of the relationships between some characters like Don Quixote and Sancho Panza, Fernando and Cardenio, and Luscinda and her parents, and how they fail to manifest through Dorotea.

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