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Article Title

Management of Hazardous Substances: An Overview

Volume

89

Issue

2

First Page

49

Last Page

66

Abstract

Hazardous, wastes are common, generated in large volumes, and pres- ent modes of management are not sufficient. Hazardous wastes are generated by driving a vehicle and the manufacture of cosmetics, food, and vehicles, and so forth. Seven major federal regulations control, limit, and manage hazardous wastes. Public perceptions of the issues regarding hazardous substances management are clouded due to the absence of standards for determining acceptable risks, and because it is difficult to distinguish between toxic and hazardous materials. Current technologies used to manage hazardous wastes include incineration, use as fuel, solidification and stabilization, solvent and metal recovery, wastewater treatment, disposal in landfills, land treatment, underground injection, and waste minimi- zation and recycling. Effective public policy and practice only will evolve when there is a better understanding of the problems, development of acceptable public health risk standards and streamlined processes for approval of new facilities, and appropriate incentives for reducing the annual volume of hazardous wastes.