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Two Medusae New to the Coast of California: Carybdea marsupialis (Linnaeus, 1758), a Cubomedusa and Phyllorhiza punctata von Lendenfeld, 1884, a Rhizostome Scyphomedusa





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The cubomedusa Carybdea marsupialis and the rhizostome scypho- medusa Phyllorhiza punctata are reported from waters of California and the east- ern Pacific for the first time. Previously, C. marsupialis was only known from the Atlantic Ocean. It apparently is native to this area but was confused with Carybdea rastoni which is known from Hawaii and the central and western Pacific. P. punctata was recently found in San Diego Bay, previously it was known in the Pacific from Hawaii and the tropical Indo-Pacific. Its recent appearance in Cal- ifornia was probably due to transport of polyps on the hulls of ships. A synopsis of cubomedusae and scyphomedusae from the waters of California is presented; a total of 1 9 species are known.