The Monarch Butterfly: A Review
A novel view of the monarch butterfly's (Danaus plexippus) life history is presented through the synthesis of theories developed in the last few years with more traditional ecological models of the monarch. The important factors di- recting monarch butterfly population dynamics are now understood to be: 1) Oviposition and Range Dynamics, 2) Energetics, 3) Mating Kinetics, and 4) Pre- dation Deterrence. An understanding of the evolutionary basics and interaction of these factors in D. plexippus provides a foundation for the study of other endangered species.
Wells, Harrington and Wells, Patrick H.
"The Monarch Butterfly: A Review,"
Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences:
Available at: http://scholar.oxy.edu/scas/vol91/iss1/2