Helminths of the Western Toad, Bufo boreas (Bufonidae) from Southern California
Museum specimens of Bufo boreas from southern California were ex- amined for helminths. The helminth fauna consisted of one trematode species, Haematoloechus kernensis, one cestode species, Distoichometra bufonis, six nem- atode species, Aplectana itzocanensis, Cosmocercoides variabilis, Falcaustra in- glisi, Oswaldocruzia pipiens, Rhabdias americanus, Physaloptera sp. (third stage larvae only). Helminths found in B. boreas are generalists occurring in other anuran species. Bufo boreas represents a new host record for H. kernensis, A. itzocanensis, F. inglisi, and Physaloptera sp. (larvae).
Goldberg, Stephen R.; Bursey, Charles R.; and Hernandez, Sonia
"Helminths of the Western Toad, Bufo boreas (Bufonidae) from Southern California,"
Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences:
Available at: http://scholar.oxy.edu/scas/vol98/iss1/5