Parasitism as an Indicator of Food Sources in a Cave-Adapted Salamander Habitat
Dyer, William G.
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Samples of the grotto salamander, Typhlotriton spelaeus Stejneger, 1893, comprising 119 specimens, colleced in Wet Cave, Shannon Co. Missouri, were examined for gastrointestinal parasites. The parasites recovered included Haptophyra gigantea Maupas, 1879: Brachcoelium salamandrae (Froelich, 1789) Lube. 1909; Capillaria inequalis Walton,1935: C. sp.; Falcaustra catesbeianae Walton. 1929; and Oswaldocruzia sp. Comparison of parasitological findings and feeding habits revealed a definite correlation between intestinal parasitocoenosis of postmetamorphic T. spelaeus and food sources in the habitat.