Fourteen species of amphibians and reptiles occurring in Honduras are discussed. Anolis humilis, Anolis crassulus, Anolis laeviventris, Ninia atrata, Rhadinaea kinkelini, Sibon anthracops, and Thamnophis cyrtopsis are recorded from the country for the first time. Eleutherodactylus merendonensis, previously considered a synonym of Eleutherodactylus rugulosus, is resurrected. Anolis humilis and Anolis uniformis are raised to specific rank from their former subspecific status. Anolis intermedins and Anolis nannodes are synonymized with Anolis laeviventris. and Anolis heteropholidotus is relegated to the synonymy of Anolis sminthus. New distributional and taxonomic data arc also given for Anolis anisolepis, Anolis bouvierii, Anolis cobanensis, Sphaerodactylus dunni, Bothrops bicolor, Dryadophis dorsalis, Lampropeltis trlangulum, and Sibon carri.