Common Foreign and Security Policy and the 7-7 Crisis
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This presentation will follow the timetable of the implementation of the European Common Foreign and Security Policy in order to explain both the international issues and domestic issues that Europe is currently facing. Established by the Maastricht Treaty in 1992, the CFSP is the idea of a collaborative foreign policy effort amongst individual EU members to discuss and implement policy that effects Europe as a whole. The collapse of the Berlin Wall sparked this radical change in security dynamics and strategy. No longer concerned with fending off enemies with military might, the EU adopted a humanitarian position on foreign policy. The fall of the Soviet Union opened the doors for EU membership for former Warsaw Pact countries. EU expansion was further discussed at the Amsterdam Treaty which focused on ethnic conflict and international crime. However, despite the momentum of the Maastricht Treaty and the collaborative efforts towards peace keeping and humanitarian assistance,the CFSP brutally failed in its attempts to stem the progression of the Kosovo war. In response to its failures and resented dependence on the US-run NATO intervention, the EU decided it needed the capabilities both military and civilian in order to successfully pursue its own interests. Following Yugoslavia and the division in Europe over the war on Iraq the CFSP lost its momentum. However, the London Terror attacks ignited the flame for cooperation among EU member states. Only time will tell if the impact of the summer crisis of 2005 will last.