In 1986 the government of Taiwan began a process of democratization that fundamentally altered the nation's political system. An authoritarian government was no longer exercising supreme control over the development of the island's political culture and a pluralistic society arose that placed power in the hands of the Taiwanese people thereby creating the first Chinese Democracy. For the first in the islands history issues of independence and Taiwanese identity were aired openly. A "Taiwanization" of the countries political system and culture has ensued which has solidified feelings of separation with the mainland. The domestic political trends greatly worry mainland China and have provoked hostile rhetoric and actions on their part. It is my contention that the Democratization of Taiwan has single-handedly changed the face of the sovereignty dispute and continues to be one of the main factors of change as the dispute evolves. In my research I will analyze two sub-factors of Democratization: Taiwanization and the Taiwanese Independence movement in an effort to evaluate the future of Sino-Taiwan relations.