Livable Los Angeles: Evaluating Transit-Oriented Development in Hollywood
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Los Angeles, the United States' second-largest city, faces several daunting challenges as a major metropolitan area. A crippling dependance on the automobile and a critical lack of affordable housing are two of the most urgent obstacles to livability. In an effort to address these issues Angelenos have embraced the concept of Transit-Oriented Development (TOD). Equitable TOD aims to foster cooperation between government, developers and communities in an effort to create new mixed-use and mixed-income housing around Los Angeles' burgeoning public transit system. TOD provides practical alternatives to a car-centric lifestyle, streamlines the connection between Angelenos and their jobs, and attempts to reduce transportation costs, fossil fuels burned and time spent in traffic. A forthcoming report created by MoveLA and SCANPH (Southern California Association of Non-Profit Housing) will provide a blueprint for successful TOD in an effort to guide future development. The highly effective community redevelopment that occurred around three subway stations in Hollywood serves as a case study for the report. Strategies used by the CRA-LA (Community Redevelopment Agency) to transform a struggling neighborhood with a serious crime problem into a thriving, interconnected transit-village are closely examined. Demographic studies and census tract analysis also address the resulting gentrification and displacement that occurred in the wake of development, examine strategies that can be implemented to maintain a diverse mixed-income community, and provide policy suggestions to make equitable TOD a reality.