This is a project that focuses on the extent to which Indigenous Knowledge can be used to curb the AIDS epidemic in Botswana. Indigenous Knowledge has existed in Africa for the most part of its civilization. Traditional knowledge on local medicines and their effects on the human body have been used to control and cure diseases that have existed in the past. AIDS is not a new disease in Africa. In the past locals called it the 'Old disease'. Many African Traditional Healers have a lot of insight into the variety of medications available and the mode of treating recurring diseases in a community. Western science for a large part has changed the way healthcare is given in many African communities. Structural Adjustment programs implemented in developing countries by the IMF or mere western cultural influence are to blame for this. We intend to investigate the extent to which an employment of both Western scientific ideas and Indigenous Knowledge could be used to help reduce the spread of AIDS in Botswana.