A New Genus and Species of Gecko (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Iran and Iraq
Dixon, James R.
Anderson, Steven C.
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A thorough examination of the osteology of eastern hemisphere species of gekkonid lizards formerly placed in the genus Phyllodactylus indicates that these species either belong to generic taxa presently in the synonymy of Phyllodactylus or represent new genera. Phyllodactylus elisae, an isolated member of the eastern hemisphere "Phyllodactylus" found only in western Iran and eastern Iraq, represents one of the new genera. It differs from western hemisphere Phyllodactylus and the Old World forms by the absence of cloacal sacs and bones, loss of one phalanx in the fourth finger and toe, loss of the second epibranchial arch of the hyoid, and possession of a cartilaginous rod-shaped hypoischium. A new species is described from the northern Iraq-Iran border area, differing from P. elisae in size of body and tail tubercles and granules, absence of tubercles on upper arm and rear of head, larger snout-vent length, color, and color pattern.